Prestwood Nature The Local Environment Group for the Prestwood Area

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Ecological Flora of the Central Chilterns
by Tony F Marshall (MA, Cantab)


Click on the section name to download the file.

Book I - Introduction
descriptions of the focus area, its chief habitats, woodland typologies, and changes in the area's flora over time

Book II - Trees and Large Shrubs

Section 1 Fagaceae (beech, oak, sweet chestnut)

Section 2 Nothofagaceae, Juglandaceae, Sapindaceae, Platanaceae (incl. maples, walnut)

Section 3 Oleaceae, Ulmaceae (incl. ash, elms)

Section 4 Betulaceae (incl. birches, hazel, hornbeam)

Section 5 Salicaceae (willows & poplars)

Section 6 Rosaceae: Crataegus, Prunus (incl. hawthorn, plums, cherries)

Section 7 Rosaceae: Sorbus, Malus, Pyrus (incl. whitebeam, rowan, apples, pears)

Section 8 Malvaceae (in part), Caprifoliaceae (in part), Fabaceae (in part)(incl. limes, elder, laburnum)

Section 9 Evergreens: Aquifoliaceae, Buxaceae, Taxaceae, Pinaceae, Cupressaceae   (incl. holly. box, yew, pines & cypresses)

Book III - Spore-bearing plants
Section 10 Ferns and their allies

Book IV - Flowering plants: Monocotyledons
Section 11 Aquatic:

Acoraceae, Lemnaceae, Alismataceae, Butomaceae, Hydrocharitaceae,Potamogetonaceae (incl. pondweeds, duckweeds, waterweeds)

Sections 12-14 Terrestrial:

Section 12: Araceae, Dioscoreaceae, Melanthiaceae, Colchicaceae, Liliaceae,Orchidaceae (incl. black bryony, lilies, orchids)

Section 13: Iridaceae, Amaryllidaceae (incl. irises, crocuses, daffodils)

Section 14: Asparagaceae, Pontederiaceae, Typhaceae (incl. bluebells, bulrush)

Book V - Flowering plants: Dicotyledons

Section 15: Nymphaeaceae, Ceratophyllaceae, Papaveraceae, Berberidaceae

Section 16: Ranunculaceae

Section 17: Gunneraceae, Grossulariaceae, Saxifragaceae, Crassulaceae, Haloragaceae, Vitaceae

Section 18: Fabaceae, Polygalaceae

Section 19: Rosaceae

Section 20: Elaeagnaceae, Rhamnaceae, Cannabaceae, Urticaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Celastraceae

Section 21: Oxalidaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Violaceae, Linaceae, Hypericaceae

Section 22: Geraniaceae, Lythraceae, Onagraceae, Anacardiaceae

Section 23: Malvaceae, Thymelaeaceae, Cistaceae, Tropaeolaceae, Resedaceae

Section 24: Brassicaceae

Section 25: Santalaceae, Plumbaginaceae, Polygonaceae

Section 26: Caryophyllaceae

Section 27: Amaranthaceae, Montiaceae, Cornaceae, Hydrangeaceae

Section 28: Balsaminaceae Polemoniaceae, Primulaceae, Ericaceae

Section 29: Rubiaceae, Gentianaceae, Apocynaceae

Section 30: Boraginaceae

Section 31: Convolvulaceae, Solanaceae

Section 32: Veronicaceae

Section 33: Plantaginaceae, Hippuridaceae, Callitrichaceae, Scrophulariaceae

Section 34: Lamiaceae

Section 35: Orobanchaceae, Verbenaceae, Campanulaceae, Menyanthaceae

Section 36: Asteraceae: Subfamily Carduoideae

Section 37: Asteraceae: Subfamily Cichorioideae

Section 38: Asteraceae: Subfamily Asteroideae: Tribes Gnaphalieae, Inuleae, Astereae

Section 39: Asteraceae: Subfamily Asteroideae: Tribes Senecioneae, Calenduleae, Heliantheae, Millerieae, Coreopsideae, Eupatorieae

Section 40: Adoxaceae, Caprifoliaceae, Valerianaceae, Dipsacaceae

Section 41: Araliaceae, Hydrocotylaceae, Apiaceae

Book VI - Rushes,  sedges and grasses

Section 42: Juncaceae

Section 43: Cyperaceae

Section 44: Poaceae: Subfamilies Bambusoideae; Pooideae I - Tribes Stipeae, Poeae

Section 45: Poaceae: Subfamily Pooideae II - Tribes Meliceae, Bromeae

Section 46: Poaceae: Subfamilies Pooideae III - Tribes Brachypodieae, Triticeae, Danthonieae, Arundineae; Panicoideae


Section 47: Appendices

Section 48: Indices

This comprehensive and innovative publication is offered free of charge in 48 discrete sections (including indices) which are available here for download.

This groundbreaking work records every plant that has ever been recorded in a typical 100-hectare area of the mid-Chilterns that includes Great Missenden, Hampden, Hughenden, Kingshill, Prestwood and Speen, plus others that may be seen in neighbouring parts of the Chilterns.  It is the closest to a complete Flora of the Chilterns currently available.

While it is a scientific work, it should also be valuable as a reference to the layman who wants to learn more about the plants of the Chiltern area.

For each plant its distribution, frequency, and main identifying features are described, with key sites where it is most likely to be found, illustrated by photographs.  It goes beyond the traditional flora in also describing the main ecological characteristics of each plant - other plants and creatures with which it is associated, including gall-creators, leaf-miners, predators, etc, including their human significance, with an emphasis on local records.

The book is based on a unique concentration of biological records for the main area covered, which go back a hundred years, not only of plants but also of all other species from fungi to mammals.  While the author has been responsible for many of these records, he has been able to benefit from many other assiduous observers in the area in the past and present, and from records held at the Buckinghamshire and Milton Keynes Environmental Records Centre.  Many of the records have been contributed by members of Prestwood Nature, a community group of concerned conservationists that works towards the protection and improvement of the natural environment in the focus area.

Each section can be downloaded free, although donations to Prestwood Nature are always welcome and will contribute directly to their conservation work.  As the book is continually in a process of revision and correction as new information is received, updated versions of each section will become available from time to time.